Day 1 (AM) Introduction to Applied Learning

Activity 1: Characteristics of Applied Learners
  • Activity - About Each Other!
  • Through this activity, characteristics of Applied Learners were surfaced.
Activity 2: What's Applied Learning
  1. Qualifications & Curriculum Development Authority
  2. Applied Learning Curriculum and Assessment Guide (Senior Secondary Level) (developed by the Curriculum Council and Hong Kong Examination and Assessment Authority 2009
  3. The Chinese University of Hongkong - Applied Learning Courses
  4. New Horizons for Learning
  5. Applied Learning Standards (1995 California Department of Education)
  6. “What is applied learning?”: Exploring understandings of applied
    learning amongst beginning teachers. (Lyn Harrison
    Faculty of Education, Deakin University)
An example that illustrates how a lesson is designed such that learners acquire spreadsheet skills in the applied learning way : Learners Together - Learning to Use Spreadsheet - A Problem-based Approach

A useful website: -->

Day 1 (PM) MeLBytes (I)

Collaborative Tools

Search Tools

Other Tools

Search on site


Thanks to Kim Hong for capturing and sharing the URLs highlighted in the session...

Day 2 (AM) Experiencing Applied Learning

The team was organised into 4 groups to attend one of the following:
1. Mathworks (Demo)
2. World Issues A S’pore Perspective (lesson sit-in)
3. Prejudice + Discrimination (lesson sit-in)

We were tasked to look out for the following during the lesson sit-in:
  • Lesson Design
  • Scaffolding and facilitation framework used by the tutor
  • Features of Applied Learning
  • The Attitudes, Skills and Knowledge underpinning teh lesson design
On return, they form two groups to discuss their observations and learning points - to surface pointers that we could adapt or adopt for our practice in SST.

Click at COMMENT to enter/view the discussion points.

Day 2 (PM) IT Bytes (II)





Thanks to Kim Hong for sharing capturing the URLs highlighted in the session...

Day 3 (AM) Applied Learning Quest - Dolly WebQuest

Source -

The 5 teams at the summit are...
  • Roslin Institute Team: Irfan, Eunice & Kim Hong
  • Animal Lovers: Glenn, Wai Lee & Yen Sin
  • Drugees: Aidil, Johari & Kwai Yin
  • Professors of the Medical Ethics: Sok Hui & Lam
  • Singapore AVA: Richard, Kin Chuah, Jennifer & Chin Ya
Useful website:

Day 3 (PM) IT Bytes (III) 21st Century STEM Skills

STEM: Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics

What ICT skills will students need for workplaces that involve mathematics and science?

  • Spreadsheet
  • Data Collection tools
  • Simulation
  • Communication tools
- MOE's ICT framework: Baseline ICT Standards for Pupils

- NP's e-Competencies Framework: Generic e-Skills and e-Tools [Year 1, Year 2, Year 3 Competencies]

  • Learning by Doing: Software Skills, Simulations and Situated Learning
  • Learning by Collaborating
  • Learning by Researching
  • Learning by Reflecting
Applied English at NP

Tool for keeping track of research and citation

Do we... Apply Math to Real Problems?
>> DON'T!
Rather, start with real problems and get students to observe, conjecture, measure, analyse, propose - and think mathematically.

Some tools...


ICT APPLICATIONS / TOOLS... what potential????
(i) Geogebra
(ii) Wolfam Alpha
(iii) Exploring Mathematics
(iv) Communicating Mathematics
(v) Stretching the students
(vi) Data Visualisation

Day 4 (AM) About Applied Learning

(I) Applied Learning Strategies

(A) What are some of them?
  1. Experiential Learning: Real, first hand experience, followed by Reflection, Abstraction and Re-application
  2. Problem-based Learning: Real world problem to solution - Attempt the problem first
  3. Challenge-based Learning: Looking at global issues and from there, look at what the learner can do with the issue, to create impact on the issue. Students would have to reflect on how has his skills changed and what he/she has changed.
  4. WebQuest: Starts with a scenario of varying "size", and it provides students with structures (scaffolding). High for info literacy.
  5. Inquiry-based Learning: Construction of Concepts through Questioning
  6. Service Learning: Application of skills to address an issue. Difference between Challenge based learning and service learning is "Scoping", where the latter generally is more well-defined directed towards the needs of the community. In fulfilling the needs of the community, there are 2 beneficiaries - Learner and the community being served.
Question: How do these pedagogies "come" to students?
Possibly, one is the scaffold of another - "stacking"

(B) Approaches include
  • Project-based Learning
  • Problem-based Learning
  • Case-based Learning
  • Scenario thinking
  • Experiential Learning
  • Internships
  • Onsite-Learning & fieldwork
  • Service Learning
  • Challenge-based Learning
(C) Strategies include
  • Cooperative learning
  • Games
  • Learning Objects
  • Presentations - What does it mean? It could take different forms (e.g. Use of PowerPoint, online presentation, demonstration & explanation, Video-clip, Virtual Presentation where students present remotely)
  • Lectures
  • Investigation & research
  • Role plays
  • Chats, discussions & debates
  • Peer teaching
  • Self-assessment
(II) Applied Learning & Participant Roles

(A) Role of Students...
  • Active participation
  • Observant
  • Able to take detail notes
  • Able to associate to the task (Context of task is meaningful to students
(B) Tutor Behaviour vs Learner Behavior
Learner Behaviour
  • To actively, consciously connect, construct, create knowledge (to make notes)
  • To engage with tasks
  • To observe and emulate
  • To find out, search for resources
  • To plan, strategise, reflect before, in and on action
(C) Learning Design
  • Physcially ACTIVE vs PASSIVE strategies
  • Non-Transformational vs Transformational [learner realisation of the change on his own]
Framework adapted from Reflection in Higher Education Learning (Jenny Moon, University of Exeter)
In a pyramid with Noticing as the base... moving up all the way to TL
  • Transformational [I feel that I am different now to when I first started the project in that I have learnt]
  • Working with Meaning [When compare our project processes wit that of Group A, the key strengths of ours are __ and the key strengths of Group A are___]
  • Making Meaning [List 3 things/concepts/aspects you found most difficult and explain why you think you found them difficult]
  • Making Sense - descriptive reflection - some description, some evidence of learning [of all the things you've experienced, list 3 particular aspects you found most difficult and 3 that you found particularly easy]
  • Noticing - descriptive writing (no discussion) [Describe your experience]
(D) Reflections

Reflection can be
  • as an individual or as a group
  • on the process or on the product
(E) Applied Thinking
  • Decision Making
  • Problem Solving
  • Futures Thinking
  • Issues Resolution (Challenge based thinking)
  • Useful site -
Students should be able to (starting from below)
  • Does: Performance Assessment (real). Work-based assessment, practice)
  • Shows how: Performance Assessment (artificial) (eg. simulations, demos)
  • Knows how: Content-based test (e.g. oral)
  • Know: Factual tests (e.g. MCQ, essays)
(F) Performance Tasks

Levels of Application

1. Inside a discipline focus area > (get students to) look for examples of application > assessment is on relevance of example.
Note: Implementation - students doing the task, different groups at different times of the semester.

2. Inside a discipline focus area (e.g. Maths) > Life-like application > Assessment is on conceptual understanding within discipline focus area (e.g. Rick Ross' Mathworks)

3. From authentic application (integration of several focus areas) > Concept understanding > Assessment is multi-layered:
  • core content/skills assessment
  • supporting content/skills assessment
  • product vs process
  • individual vs group (Projects and Integrated Project)
  • NP's approach: This is a major one, usually only one in a semester and it involves the tutors of the various modules in the assessment.
4. From personal experience > conceptual understanding > assessment is on attributes and voice (WISP)
  • kopi tiam ("singaporean" style of World Cafe), media literacies, guidelines about materials used)
(G) D 4 Cycle

Learning through Performance

There are 4 stages in a vicious cycle: Discover > Decide > Do > Debrief > (back to Discover)
follow by another stage: Self & Group Reflections

Day 4 (PM) IT Bytes (IV)

(1) iWork Presentation tool: KeyNote

(2) PREZI (web presentation tool):

(3) Screenr (instant screen casts from twitter):

(4) Zamzar (free online file conversion):

(5) Another video converter (downloadable in the computer):

Day 5 (AM) Lesson Demo

1. Science Biology
2. Maths
  • ICT application - Geogebra
3. English Language
  • Photo Booth
  • Garageband
  • Website
  • CAMS video
  • Photo Booth
  • Blogs
5. Chinese
  • Video
  • Photo Booth
  • Twitter
6. Science Physics

7. Humanities

Feedback on....
  1. Features of Applied Learning Experience
  2. Core Content/Skills/Understanding
  3. Supporting Content/Skills/Understanding
  4. One suggestion(s) for consideration (for enhancement, as alternative, etc)
  5. Key takeaway